- name server
- EMail forwarding
- Error messages
- Hosting services
- How does the Internet work?
- Service Provider
- IP addresses
- Load times
- Microsoft Internet Explorer
- Netscape Navigator
- Online Services
- Search engines
- Text links
- Uniform Resource Locator
What you are using to view this page right now?
The most popular browsers are Microsoft's Internet Explorer and Netscape Navigator. They look different and often display web pages in slightly different ways.
People generally advocate one or the other but at the end of the day there's not much to choose between them.
A Domain Name is the address of your website (see website address/URLs/domain names).
If you need a Domain Name, then once you have chosen your name, we check if it is available - they cannot be duplicated - and if it is, buy it for you. It is then registered with a Domain Name Server (this can take a few days), after which it can be used - all you need is a website!
You might already have registered a Domain Name with somebody offering web hosting services. If so, we can work with them, or find you another service and transfer to it if necessary.
These are computers which store IP addresses and their equivalent URLs. Basically, they provide a "directory enquiries" service and tell your computer where to look for the web page being searched for.
You probably have an email address already - say it's email@example.com. When you have your own website called, say, www.yourcompany.co.uk, people will be able to send you emails at that address by typing in, say, firstname.lastname@example.org.
We will arrange for any email sent to the new address automatically to be diverted to you at email@example.com, so you can continue to pick up your emails in the usual way.
You get these from time to time on the Internet.
The most common is a "404", which means that for some reason the web page you want to see cannot be found. It might be a temporary situation, but it could also mean that the page doesn't exist any more.
Jargon for "Frequently Asked Questions".
A way of sending a response direct from a website, rather than using email.
For an example, see the one on our site by clicking on the "Contact Us" button on the left of your screen.
To enable your website to be seen by others, it needs to be stored on a computer directly and permanently connected to the Internet. This is the "host computer" or "server" and companies that make this service available are said to offer "hosting services". You are allocated space in their computer's memory on which to store your website. This is known as "webspace".
You will probably find that your ISP or Online Service offers this facility at no cost and, if you want, you can have your website hosted there. However, for many reasons - speed of access, technical support, use of a unique name - we advise the use of a commercial hosting service. The cost is relatively modest and we can arrange this for you. See also domain name registration and transfer.
- Your computer contacts the one at your ISP or Online Service and tells it what you want to see.
- That computer then searches the Internet to find out which computer hosts that page (it does this by interrogating Domain Name Servers).
- It then connects to the computer hosting the page you want and requests a copy to be sent to it.
- Having received a copy of the page, the ISP/Online Service computer sends it to yours.
HyperText Markup Language.
This is a sort of programming language used to create web pages. When your computer's browser is open and it comes across a document written in HTML, your computer's software reads and interprets the HTML instructions and creates the document on your screen.
To see an example, go to your browser's menu and view the (HTML) source for this page.
An INTERnational NETwork of computers.
At the core of this network are a number of powerful computers permanently joined by high-speed connections. When you get connected to the "Net", you become able to send and receive information through these connections to other computers that are attached. Those other computers can be located anywhere - in your neighbour's house or on the other side of the World.
An ISP provides you with a way of connecting to the Web.
The services of ISPs can cost anything from £nil upwards. There are variations in the levels of service and each ISP offers something different. Most will "host" a website for you and provide you with email facilities.
Examples are Freeserve, Virgin.net, Lineone.
Please note that, if you are happy with your ISP you can stay with it when you have your website.
A link is a pointer to another part of your website, or to somebody else's.
Links come in several varieties, including:
Text links - these are usually underlined and are often in a different colour from the rest of the text. When you hold the mouse pointer over a text link, the pointer changes shape to indicate that you have found a link. Click and off you go!
Image links - sometimes a picture on a page (or part of it) is used as a link. If so, the mouse pointer will change shape (see above).
Buttons - a very common way of providing a link is to use a button, which is like an image link, except that rather than a picture, a graphical representation of a push button is used.
The Internet can be - or appear to be - slow sometimes, for a number of reasons:
- America is awake. As the States contains the most users, when they are up and surfing it slows things down for the rest of us! Try to do your work on the Internet before they wake up!
- You have a slow modem. For business purposes, you really need the fastest modem you can get, currently a 56K. If you have a slower one, we suggest you replace it - they are not expensive.
- Your ISP/Online Service has a slow internet connection. If you think that this might be the case, we suggest you find another - there are lots of them and you can find them reviewed in many Internet magazines.
Mainly, AOL and Compuserve (but AOL owns Compuserve!)
These do provide access to the Internet, but their main interest is in giving their subscribers access to their own content.
Computerised indices to the Web, available free to all. Examples are Yahoo!, Altavista, Lycos, Ask and Excite.
If you want to find something on the Web, the most common way is to use an Internet Search Engine or Directory. These are constantly updated as pages are added to the Web. You type in what you want to find and they give you a list of web pages which appear to match your criteria.
Being listed on the main Search Engines and Directories is vital to a commercial website and getting it placed high on the lists - and keeping it there - is essential (search results can show thousands of sites). It's a complex and ongoing task, which we can do for you.
The most popular - and most user-friendly - way of sending information over the Internet.
There are other systems, generally used only by Universities, the Military, etc.
This page is part of our website!
A website is a collection of any number of "web pages". Think of it as an electronic book, but with special features - the pictures can move, you can listen to music, watch a video. On top of this, not only can each web page be as big as you want (but too long a page can lose impact), you can also move around the pages - or visit another website - just by clicking a link.
A web page is created by a sort of programming language called "HTML". When your computer's browser is open and it comes across a document written in HTML, your computer's software reads and interprets the HTML instructions and creates the document on your screen.
For somebody to see your website, their computer first needs to find and connect to it. So your site is given an address that is unique to it, just like your business has a unique postal address.
The formal name for a website address is "URL" - Uniform Resource Locator.
In fact, it is not a whole website which is given a URL, but every page within it, so that if your website contains 6 pages, each page will have its own unique URL. This gives people the ability to access each page directly, rather than have to work through each page in order.
A URL (also known as a Domain Name) is made up of several parts. Using this page's URL as an example:
http:// - the "Hyper Text Transfer Protocol". This is a way of telling the computer how to send and receive information. Nowadays you do not usually need to type this in, as your computer assumes that you will wish to use this protocol, rather than another, by default.
www.mjsits.co.uk - this is the "address" of the server on which the web page is stored.
mjsits - our name on the Internet.
.co.uk - one of the ways in which web pages are categorised. This stands for "uk business", but you may have:
- .net - for network provider
- .ltd.uk - for UK limited companies
- .com - for US or multi-national businesses
In practice you are likely to be able to use any (or all) of these.
The combination of name and category (e.g. mjsits.co.uk) is unique and nobody else can have it.
/jargon.asp - the name of this page within our site - we called it "jargon" for convenience and the ".asp" bit tells your computer that this page was created using Active Server Pages most end with HTML.
When you surf the Web, you will often notice that numbers flash up at the bottom of your screen after you have told your browser ("pointed it") to the web page you want to see. These numbers are the numeric equivalent of the URL's words and represent its IP (Internet Protocol) address.
An example is 220.127.116.11 (that is a made up example!) If you knew the IP of a page you wanted to visit, you could enter it into the browser's window instead of the URL. But it's not normally worth the hassle!